Publications

OBJECTIVES: The re-emergence of community-based health workers such as the auxiliary midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar, who are local female volunteers, has been an important strategy to address global health workforce shortages. The Myanmar government recommends one AMW for every village. The aim of this study is to investigate the current knowledge of critical danger signs and practices for safe childbirth and immediate newborn care of AMWs to inform potential task shifting of additional healthcare responsibilities.

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Prevention of unintended pregnancy is a primary strategy to reduce adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes related to Zika virus infection. Infection during pregnancy, either through a mosquito bite or sex with an infected partner, increases the risk of the child developing congenital microcephaly and other fetal brain abnormalities, resulting in the birth of a child with severe disabilities that will necessitate lifelong care.

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Background: Well-organized screening and treatment programmes are effective to prevent Invasive Cervical Cancer (ICC) in LMICs. To achieve this, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the involvement of existing health personnel in casu doctors, nurses, midwives in ICC prevention. A necessary precondition is that health personnel have appropriate knowledge about ICC. Therefore, to inform policy makers and training institutions in Burundi, we documented the knowledge and practices of general practitioners (GPs) at district hospital level towards ICC control.

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Background: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods.

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Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, especially in the developing world. It is important therefore, to granulate factors that determine uptake and utilization of contraceptive services so as to inform effective programming.

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BACKGROUND: An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy and childbirth to women in rural hard to reach areas where skilled birth attendants (Midwives) are not accessible. This study aims to examine the role of AMWs in Myanmar and to assess the current practices of three proposed essential maternal interventions (oral supplement distribution to pregnant women; administration of misoprostol to prevent postpartum haemorrhage; management of puerperal sepsis with oral antibiotics) in order to facilitate a formal integration of these tasks to AMWs in Myanmar.

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Background: An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable
causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy
and childbirth to women in rural hard to reach areas where skilled birth attendants (Midwives) are not accessible

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Background and Objectives: Undernutrition remains a significant cause of childhood illness, poor growth, development, and death in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Studies on child nutritional outcomes in PNG vary by design, measurement protocols and quality. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the prevalence of child undernutrition across different study populations, geographical locations and time periods.

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Abstract
OBJECTIVE:
The nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) is attracting public attention. We aimed to explore the association between sexual attraction and NMUPD among Chinese adolescents.
METHOD:
A school-based survey was conducted in seven Chinese provinces, and a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used in this study. A total of 150,822 students from seven Chinese provinces completed the questionnaire; the response rate was 95.93%. All data were collected between November 2014 and January 2015.
RESULTS:

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Emerging challenges for policy, practice and research in Europe. This book offers a critical overview of established and emerging manifestations of domestic violence across Europe.

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