Publications

Background: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is a significant cause of perinatal and neonatal infections worldwide. To detect GBS colonization in pregnant women, the CDC recommends isolation of the bacterium from vaginal and anorectal swab samples by growth in a selective enrichment medium, such as Lim broth (Todd-Hewitt broth supplemented with selective antibiotics), followed by subculture on sheep blood agar. However, this procedure may require 48 h to complete. We compared different sampling and culture techniques for the detection of GBS.

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In our manuscript ‘Effectiveness of HIV prevention for youth in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized trials’ we reviewed 28 interventions aiming to reduce sexual risk behaviour of youth in sub-Saharan Africa [1]. Of eight outcome variables studied (five behavioural and three biological outcomes), only condom use at last sex among men was found to be significantly influenced by the interventions (relative risk = 1.46; 95% confidence interval = 1.31–1.64).

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Cairo, September 1994, International Conference on Population and Development: the objectives are clear. In order to achieve equality and equity between women and men, and to ensure that all women as well as men are able to exercise their human rights and participate fully in all areas of life, 179 governments acknowledge that all couples and individuals have the right to attain the highest stan - dards of sexual and reproductive health and make decisions concerning their sexual health free of discrimination, coercion and violence. To this end, these governments state that countries should take full preventive, protective and rehabilitative measures to eliminate all forms of exploitation, abuse and violence against women and adolescents while paying special attention to protecting the rights and safety and meeting the needs of those in potentially exploitable situations. Documented and undocumented migrant women, refugee women and refugee children are specified as such.

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Background : Repeat digital cervical assessment (RDCA - examination of the cervix with a finger) has been promoted as a routine intervention in the antenatal clinic as a screening test for the risk of preterm birth (that is, birth occurring before 37 weeks of gestation).

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Sport has become a popular tool for HIV prevention, based on claims that it can foster life skills that are necessary to translate knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions into actual behaviour. Empirical evidence of the effectiveness of sport-based HIV prevention programmes is, however, sorely lacking. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional survey assessing sexual behaviour and the determinants thereof among 454 youth of the Mathare Youth Sport Association (MYSA) in Kenya and a control group of 318 non-MYSA members.

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Published in: EN-HERA! report: promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights of refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants in Europe and Beyond 2009.

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Delay in the diagnosis and initial treatment of postpartum hemorrhage may occur as result of visual underestimation of blood loss. A number of studies have reported that visual estimates of postpartum blood loss are often inaccurate.

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Background: Different models exist to provide HIV/STI services for most-at-risk populations (MARP). Along the Tete traffic corridor in Mozambique, linking Malawi and Zimbabwe, a night clinic opening between 4 and 10 PM was established targeting female sex workers (FSW) and long-distance truck drivers (LDD). The clinic offers free individual education and counselling, condoms, STI care, HIV testing, contraceptive services and outreach peer education. To evaluate this clinic model, we assessed relevance, service utilisation, efficiency and sustainability.

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