A1

Pre- and post-exposure prophylaxes (PrEP and PEP) can reduce the risk of HIV acquisition, yet often are inaccessible to and underutilized by most-vulnerable populations, including sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on in-depth interviews with 21 female and 23 male HIV-negative sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, we found that awareness and knowledge of PrEP and PEP were low, although willingness to use both was high.

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Objectives: Despite the vast quantity of research among Chinese female sex workers (FSWs) to address concerns regarding HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, there is a paucity of research on issues of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and the missed opportunity for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion among young FSWs. Our research aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of SGBV among Chinese adolescent FSWs, and to explore SRH service utilisation.

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Zappacosta et al recently published a case report concerning a human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive invasive cervical cancer in a 79-year-old women who had a history of normal Pap smears.

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Female genital cutting (FGC) is a major issue at the interplay of faith and health in development. The practice is in part faith-inspired, and has clear negative health impacts. The prevalence of FGC remains especially high in Egypt. This article reflects on some of the factors that lead to the perpetuation of the practice by analysing data from the 2014 Survey of Young People in Egypt.

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For over 1·8 billion young people, access to contraceptives is key for health, rights, population and development, empowerment and equity, and for the planetary health of the future world. Adolescents make up at least a third of the population in most low-income and middle-income countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia,1 where approximately 2·5 million births occur annually to girls under the age of 16 years.

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Genital herpes can be caused by two very similar viruses, herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 or HSV-2. These two HSV
types cannot be distinguished clinically, but genotyping is recommended in the first-episodes of genital herpes to
guide counselling and management. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is the preferred diagnostic
method for HSV typing.

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Determinants of male modern contraceptive use. An analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data of sexually active men in Kenya.

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