Publications

Bacterial vaginosis (BV), an alteration of vaginal flora involving a decrease in Lactobacilli and predominance of anaerobic bacteria, is among the most common cause of vaginal complaints for women of childbearing age.

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The objective of this systematic lterature review is to review current scientific knowledge on the definition of and the indications for maternal/obstetric intensive care (MIC).

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objective: MMPs may play a role in initiating labour and rupture of membranes. Therefore, we measured serum concentrations of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in women in preterm labour (group 1) as compared to women in term labour (group 2) and gestational age matched controls between 24-33 weeks not in labour (group 3).

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Self-tests for HIV in South Africa are currently unregulated. Gaps in law and policy have created a legal loophole where such tests could effectively be sold in supermarkets, but not in pharmacies. At the same time, South Africa lacks an effective regulating mechanism for diagnostic tests, which brings the quality and reliability of all self-tests into question. The authors argue for greater access to, and availability of, quality HIV self-tests. This strategy will encourage regular HIV testing, allay fears about stigma and confidentiality when testing in public facilities, and decrease the costs associated with traditional voluntary counselling and testing, and is likely to lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment of HIV.

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Background: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is a significant cause of perinatal and neonatal infections worldwide. To detect GBS colonization in pregnant women, the CDC recommends isolation of the bacterium from vaginal and anorectal swab samples by growth in a selective enrichment medium, such as Lim broth (Todd-Hewitt broth supplemented with selective antibiotics), followed by subculture on sheep blood agar. However, this procedure may require 48 h to complete. We compared different sampling and culture techniques for the detection of GBS.

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In our manuscript ‘Effectiveness of HIV prevention for youth in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized trials’ we reviewed 28 interventions aiming to reduce sexual risk behaviour of youth in sub-Saharan Africa [1]. Of eight outcome variables studied (five behavioural and three biological outcomes), only condom use at last sex among men was found to be significantly influenced by the interventions (relative risk = 1.46; 95% confidence interval = 1.31–1.64).

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Cairo, September 1994, International Conference on Population and Development: the objectives are clear. In order to achieve equality and equity between women and men, and to ensure that all women as well as men are able to exercise their human rights and participate fully in all areas of life, 179 governments acknowledge that all couples and individuals have the right to attain the highest stan - dards of sexual and reproductive health and make decisions concerning their sexual health free of discrimination, coercion and violence. To this end, these governments state that countries should take full preventive, protective and rehabilitative measures to eliminate all forms of exploitation, abuse and violence against women and adolescents while paying special attention to protecting the rights and safety and meeting the needs of those in potentially exploitable situations. Documented and undocumented migrant women, refugee women and refugee children are specified as such.

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Background : Repeat digital cervical assessment (RDCA - examination of the cervix with a finger) has been promoted as a routine intervention in the antenatal clinic as a screening test for the risk of preterm birth (that is, birth occurring before 37 weeks of gestation).

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Sport has become a popular tool for HIV prevention, based on claims that it can foster life skills that are necessary to translate knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions into actual behaviour. Empirical evidence of the effectiveness of sport-based HIV prevention programmes is, however, sorely lacking. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional survey assessing sexual behaviour and the determinants thereof among 454 youth of the Mathare Youth Sport Association (MYSA) in Kenya and a control group of 318 non-MYSA members.

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