Underreporting of deaths in the maternal deaths surveillance system in one region of Morocco

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Abstract
Objective
To assess the reliability of maternal deaths surveillance system (MDSS) and to determine the factors that influence its completeness in one region of Morocco.
Methods
We conducted a retrospective survey in “Gharb Chrarda Bni Hssen” region (GCBH) between January the 1st, 2013 and September the 30th, 2014 using multiple sources approach. All deaths of women of reproductive age (WRA) were investigated using certificates with medical cause, medical records and interviews with household members and relatives to ascertain a pregnancy-related or maternal death. An External Expert Committee reviewed the information collected to assign a cause for each death. Our results were compared to those reported in the same period by the MDSS.
Findings
Our study identified 690 deaths of WRA and 69 maternal deaths of which 34.8% occurred outside health facilities. The MDSS recorded during the study period 538 deaths of WRA and 29 maternal deaths (including only one outside health facility) representing respectively an underreporting of 22.0% and 58.0%. Late maternal deaths represented 11.4% of all deaths of women with a registered pregnancy within 12 months prior to the death, while the MDSS identified none. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was estimated at 103, approximately 2.5 times higher than that reported in the MDSS.
Conclusion
Our study has shown weaknesses in the current notification system for maternal deaths in the region of GCBH. Therefore, more attention must be given to the regional committees in charge of auditing the cases and defining actions to be implemented to prevent further maternal deaths.
 

Authors & affiliation: 
Saloua Abouchadi 1,2,3 * , Wei-Hong Zhang 2,4,5 , Vincent De Brouwere 3 1 Ecole Nationale de Sante ¬ Publique (ENSP ), Rabat, Morocco, 2 School of Public Health, Univers ite ¬ Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium, 3 Maternal and Reprodu ctive Health Unit, Department of public health, Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM), Antwerp, Belgium, 4 Resea rch Laboratory for Human Reprodu ction, Faculty of Medicine, Universite ¬ Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium , 5 WHO collaborating centre: Interna tional Centre for Reprodu ctive Health (ICRH), Ghent University , Ghent, Belgium
Ranking: 
Published In: 
PLoS One. 2018 Jan 31;13(1):e0188070. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188070. eCollection 2018.
Publication date: 
Wednesday, January 31, 2018